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Leadership & Governance


Infrastructure and resources







Resources allocated to incentivize CITY stakeholders to invest in resilience



Percentage of infrastructures and population with insurances






Promote and provide incentives for initiatives that contribute to build resilience



At this stage, existing initiatives and funding opportunities have been assessed and identified as they relate to resilience development. This stage sees active creation of incentives to promote investment in initiatives feeding into resilience-building.



Case studies

Resilient Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture (UPA). A tool for social inclusion and urban regeneration


This case study describes an urban gardening project aiming to promote approaches for sustainable and eco-friendly urban gardening. Working with NGOs, citizens, disadvantaged communities and minorities, the city of Rome has used urban and suburban agriculture to create three pilot projects that cover more than 3,5 ha assigned to different non-profit, multi-purpose associations involved with needy and disadvantaged citizens.

INTERREG Europe: Smart Resilience for European Cities and Regions


Its main objective is improving policies for the delivery of innovation in public service applications to support and strengthen the capacity of cities and regions to prevent, resist, absorb and recover from societal and environmental risks/hazards (resilience). The project will be carried out between 2018-2022.

Additional case studies

Restoring agent-entrepreneurs (energy service companies, ESC) and the public private partnerships: alternative public financing models, joint ventures


The biggest handicap in the urban regeneration intervention is the lack of funds and more precisely, the lack of financial capability to face this type of operations. According to this perspective and considering the new philosophy under which urbanistic interventions have to be developed –entrepreneurial or trade freedom-, implies the assumption of private sector models and the selection of agents with granted economic viability and specialized legal-technique knowledge (“restoring” o “regenerating” agent, translation of the legal name of “agente rehabilitador o regenerador”).

Source: Useact 


Avoiding the "Rhetoric of Public Private Partnership"


Germany and Italy compared In spite of a widespread rhetoric of the PPP, presented as an innovative tool universally suitable to support PA in reaching its target and reducing the public financial burden, real urban development “PPP experiences” are not so satisfactory from the “outcome” point of view. Critical positions with regard to PPP initiatives are very common since many “on the field researches” put in light their rare success, the extremely long time spans, the often rising costs and the room for opportunistic behaviors. This case study, which make use of recent academic research findings, present the rather “negative” experience of PPP-projects in Italy and, through a comparison with the German approach, proposes a more “cautious” interpretative framework for the PPP issue in the urban development sector.

Source: Useact

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This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement no. 653569.